1. The book of Romans is considered by many to be Paul’s most important letter. It explains the basic theological framework for the _____________________ and practices of the church, the body of Christ.
2. Chapters 1 through 8 of Romans address _______________, grace, law, works, sin and the fleshly nature. Sanctification, identification with Christ and the ministry of the Holy Spirit are also explained.
3. Chapters 9 through 16 highlight ___________ in relation to God’s plan and address spiritual gifts and godly love. These chapters also outline how Christians should view ministry and the government, as well as describing other privileges and responsibilities believers have.
4. The fact that the book of Romans covers virtually all the _______________ doctrines of the Church Age may be why the early church leaders who organized the New Testament placed Romans right after the book of Acts.
B. The city of Rome
1. When the book of Romans was written, Rome was the _____________________ of the Roman Empire and the most influential city on earth. In fact, Rome governed the entire known world at the time, and this wide spread domination provided for a period of peace known historically as the Pax Romana (Latin for Roman Peace).
2. It is estimated that at the time of Christ, Rome had a population of some 1,000,000 residents, with between 15-30 percent of the population being __________________. Besides slaves, there were at least two other classes of people, including a working class and the aristocracy.
3. Not only did the Roman Empire build extensive waterways and _______________, it also promoted Greek as a unifying language. Galatians 4:4
4. The city was well known for its grand public buildings, fine music and entertainment. It was also known for its immoral gladiator contests and brutal animal fights where both men and animals were often forced to _______________ to the death.
5. Rome boasted a prestigious military unit called the Praetorian Guard. The Praetorian Guard was an _______________ unit of soldiers that later served as bodyguards for the emperor. Eventually however, it became a treacherous institution, even overthrowing emperors and naming successors.
6. Although Claudius had expelled all non-citizen ____________ from Rome in AD 50, there were many Jews with Roman citizenship who continued to live in the city. Acts 18:2
C. Author and location and date of writing
1. Author: It is commonly accepted that ____________ was the author of the book of Romans.
a. In Romans 1:1, Paul clearly signed his ____________ as the author of the book.
b. In Romans 11:1, the author claimed to be from the tribe of Benjamin. We know Paul was from the _______________ of Benjamin. Philippians 3:5
c. Paul’s travel and ministry plans described in Acts match the ______________ expressed in Romans. Acts 19:21; Romans 1:10-13, 15; 15:22-32
2. Location: Paul likely wrote this book from the ____________ of Corinth.
a. Although Paul did not specifically mention Corinth in Romans, he did mention a woman named Phoebe who transported Paul’s __________________ to Rome. Phoebe was from the church of Cenchrea, a small port city near Corinth. Romans 16:1
b. In Romans 16:23, Paul mentioned Gaius as one of his companions in the _____________ of Romans. (1 Corinthians 1:14 shows that Gaius was from Corinth)
c. Paul also mentioned Erastus, the city treasurer. In recent times, a pavement _________ dating to that time and bearing Erastus’ name was discovered in Corinth. It is believed to be the same person.
3. Date: Paul likely wrote this book in the winter or early spring of AD 57, near the end of his third missionary _____________________. This would have been just prior to his trip back to Jerusalem, in which he took an offering from the churches of Macedonia and Achaia to the poor Christians of Jerusalem. 1 Corinthians 16:1-8, 2 Corinthians 8:1-5
a. In Acts 20:16 we read about Paul’s plan to get to Jerusalem by the ______ of Pentecost. Many Bible scholars believe this trip happened in AD 57. Acts 20:3, 6, 16; Romans 15:26
b. If the book of Romans was written in AD 57, it would have been penned during the early part of the reign of ____________, who was Caesar from AD 54-68.
D. Paul’s purpose for writing Romans
1. Even though he was a Roman citizen, Paul had never yet visited the Roman church, therefore he wrote to prepare them for a possible ___________. Romans 1:8-13, Acts 19:21
a. Romans 1:9-10 – A trip to visit the Roman church had been on Paul’s _______________ and in his prayers for a long time.
b. Romans 1:11 – Paul wanted to visit in order to impart some spiritual ________ to them.
c. Romans 1:13 – Paul wanted to ____________ some harvest in Rome. In other words, he wanted to share the gospel in Rome. Acts 28:17-31, 1 Corinthians 9:15-18
d. Romans 1:14-17 – Paul also wanted to give the Roman church clear teaching on the __________________ he preached. Jude 3
2. From the text of Romans, we perceive that Paul wrote to help _______________ a cultural divide between Jewish and Gentile believers. Romans 1:18-3:20; Romans 9, 10, 11
3. Romans 15:22-29 shows Paul wrote in hopes of gaining financial and prayer support from the Roman church. Paul clearly wanted to __________________ his upcoming missionary outreach into Spain from Rome.
4. Paul also wrote to enlist the __________________ support of the Roman believers for his personal and physical protection. Romans 15:30-32
5. Interestingly, at the end of the book of Acts, Paul is under house arrest in the city of ______. So he did finally get to go to Rome, but not in the way he might have wished. Acts 28:16
E. The recipients of the book
1. In Romans 1:7, Paul addressed the book to all in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints. There were likely believers from many _______________ churches in Rome, similar to the one that met in the home of Aquila and Priscilla. Romans 16:5, 10, 11, 15
2. The churches in Rome consisted of both Jewish and _____________________ believers (Rom. 16:7, 11). Even though Rome was a Gentile city and the capital of a vast empire, it boasted a large Jewish population of Roman citizens. Acts 28:17-29; Romans 1:5, 13; 11:13
3. At the end of the book, Paul specifically greeted 28 individuals by ____________, along with several groups of people.
F. Theme and outline for the book of Romans
1. The _______________ of the book of Romans is God’s righteousness. Romans 1:16-17
2. In chapters 1 through 8 of Romans, we learn about the righteousness required to enter _________________ and the grace God provided for humanity in the person of Jesus Christ.
a. Justification: This is God’s provision of a righteous ________________________ before Him to all who believe. In Paul’s writings, to be justified means to be declared legally right with God, the supreme Judge of heaven. Romans 3:21-5:11
b. Sanctification: This is the progressive work of the Holy Spirit in a believer’s life, making him or her more and more righteous in _______________ conduct. Romans 5:12-8:17
c. Glorification: This is the completion of God’s work in the believer’s life. This will happen at the rapture when the believer is made _______________ righteous. Roman 8:18-39, 1 Corinthians 15:50-57, Philippians 1:6
3. In Romans chapters 9-11, God’s righteousness is seen in His faithfulness to His people _________. These three chapters explain Israel’s past, present and future state.
4. In Romans chapters 12-16, God’s righteousness is lived out by God’s people through numerous _______________ relationships.
II. Romans 1:1-17 – Addressing the Church in Rome
A. Romans 1:1–7 – A ministry to the world
1. Romans 1:1 – Paul’s mission
a. Romans 1:1a – Paul, a bond-servant … Formerly a _____________________ persecutor of the church, Paul converted to Christianity through a miraculous encounter with the Lord Jesus Christ. Acts 9:1-6, 1 Timothy 1:12-16
b. Romans 1:1b – Paul, a bond-servant (DOULOS) of Christ Jesus… Paul referred to himself as a slave. Few leaders in modern Christianity present themselves so humbly. The modern norm is to give a long list of qualifiers and credentials. Paul simply considered himself, above all else, a _______________, and that of Christ Jesus. 2 Corinthians 12:11
c. Romans 1:1c – …called as an apostle… Although the word apostle in its simplest form means messenger, with the advent of the Church Age, the term apostle became the official _______________ of those chosen directly by Christ to lay the foundation of the church. Ephesians 2:20
1) Paul stated his apostleship in numerous ______________ such as 1 Corinthians 1:1, 2 Corinthians 1:1, Colossians 1:1, 1 Timothy 1:1 and 2 Timothy 1:1.
2) According to Galatians 1:1, Paul was not sent out by any person or organization. He was sent forth directly by the Lord Jesus Christ as His special _______________ to the Gentile world.
3) Since there were _______________ apostles in the beginning of the Church Age (2 Cor. 11:13, Rom. 16:17-18, Rev. 2:2), Paul took the time to clarify his qualifications.
4) An apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ had to have been an ____________________ of the resurrected Christ. Acts 1:21-22, 1 Corinthians 9:1
d. Romans 1:1d –…set apart for the gospel… In Acts 9:1-6, we see that Paul was called out by Jesus Christ for the specific purpose of spreading the gospel message. This was not a secondary job; it was to be Paul’s primary ________ and life vocation. Galatians 1:13-16
e. Romans 1:1e – …set apart for the gospel of _________. God is the originator of the gospel; it is God’s good news. In Romans 2:16 Paul referred to it as my gospel, not because he thought it was his to modify, but because it was so personal to him. Romans 1:9, Galatians 1:6-9
2. Romans 1:2-4 – Paul’s responsibility
a. Romans 1:2 – The gospel of God …which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures (Rom. 15:8). The gospel, meaning good _____, was the culmination and fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies. Isaiah 52:7, 13-15, 53:1-12; Luke 24:25-27
1) Romans 1:2a – …which He promised beforehand… The gospel was promised long ago. The gospel was not some postscript people made up after Jesus died in an effort to make the best of a bad situation. The gospel was God’s _______ right from the beginning. Genesis 3:15; Acts 2:23, 4:27-28; Romans 16:25-27; Revelation 13:8
2) Romans 1:2b – …through His prophets in the holy Scriptures. The gospel was predicted by the _____________________ of the Old Testament. The Old Testament was a prewritten confirmation that the gospel was designed and accomplished by divine forethought. Genesis 3:15, 15:1-6; Acts 3:18, 24; Luke 24:25-27, 44; Hebrews 1:1
b. Romans 1:3a – … concerning His _________… The gospel concerns a specific person, Jesus Christ, the Son of God. If you take Jesus’ biblical identity away from the gospel, you have no gospel message at all. So just who was Jesus? John 1:14, 8:24; Philippians 2:5-8; Colossians 2:9
c. Romans 1:3b – …who was born of a descendant of _______________ according to the flesh… Here Paul verified the humanness of Jesus Christ. Romans 9:5
1) As a human, Jesus was born to Mary, a __________________. He was born from the royal line of King David. 1 Samuel 7:12-16; Matthew 1:1, 15:22; Mark 12:35-37; Revelation 22:16
2) The humanity of Christ is very important because in order to die as a suitable substitute for people, Christ needed to be _______________ human. 1 Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 2:17, 9:12
a) An animal ____________ functioned as an acceptable substitute for humankind. A righteous human was needed. John 1:29; Hebrews 10:1-4, 11
b) An angel (spirit being) could not _________ as a substitute for mankind either. Only a righteous human could suffice as a substitute for unrighteous humans. Romans 5:17, Galatians 3:13, 1 Corinthians 15:21
d. Romans 1:4 – …who was declared the Son of God… Jesus Christ was not only 100% human, He was also 100% _________. Paul verified the deity of Jesus Christ in many convincing ways. Titus 2:13
1) Romans 1:4a – Jesus Christ was …declared the Son of God with power… Jesus Christ our Lord was affirmed to be the Son of God by His many displays of divine power. His many ________________________ stand as historic proof of his divinity. Matthew 14:33, 16:16; Mark 1:27, 4:41, 5:42, 7:37; Romans 9:5; Hebrews 1:2-3
2) Romans 1:4b – …declared the Son of God… by the resurrection from the dead… The resurrection stands as God’s greatest exhibition of power. It verifies Christ’s _______________ that He was God the Son. Romans 4:25, 1 Corinthians 6:14, Ephesians 1:19-20, Philippians 3:10
3) Romans 1:4c – …declared the Son of God… according to the Spirit of holiness… Jesus Christ was declared to be the Son of God by means of the Holy ____________ who came on Him at His baptism and led Him throughout His life. Mark 1:10-13; Luke 3:22; 4:1, 14, 18; John 1:32, 3:34; Acts 10:38
4) Romans 1:4d – …Jesus Christ our Lord. By identifying Christ using His full _________, Paul removed all doubts concerning Jesus’ identity. The name Jesus speaks of His humanity. The title Christ shows He was the Deliverer, or Messiah, promised in the Old Testament. Our Lord affirms His deity. Isaiah 7:14, 9:6-7; Jeremiah 23:5-6; Romans 9:5
3. Romans 1:5-7 – Paul’s commission
a. Romans 1:5 – Paul clarified his _____________________ for serving the Lord.
1) Romans 1:5a – …through whom… This refers back to Jesus Christ our Lord in the previous verse. Paul stated that it was through Jesus Christ he received his _____________________ to spread the good news.
2) Romans 1:5b – …we have received grace. The pronoun we refers to Paul and the other apostles. Through Christ, they received God’s enabling _______________ to be His messengers. God’s grace provides God’s power and provision to accomplish His commands. 1 Corinthians 15:9-10
3) Romans 1:5c – …we have received …apostleship… The term apostleship implies responsibility. Paul and the other apostles were given the urgent ____________ of being ambassadors for Christ. By spreading the gospel everywhere, they played a primary role in founding the church. Romans 15:16-19, 1 Corinthians 9:15-19, 2 Corinthians 5:20-21
4) Romans 1:5d – …to bring about the obedience of faith… The obedience referred to in this passage springs from _______________, not human willpower or mental resolve. Romans 4:18-21, 15:18, 16:26
5) Romans 1:5e – …among all the Gentiles… The reason Paul was given grace and apostleship was to inspire the obedience of faith among the non-Jewish people __________________ of the world. Acts 9:15; Romans 1:8, 11:13; Galatians 1:15-16
6) Romans 1:5f – …for His name’s sake. The purpose for bringing about the obedience that springs from faith was so that God’s ____________ would be glorified worldwide. Matthew 28:18-20
b. Romans 1:6-7b – Paul identified the recipients of his __________________ as Christians in Rome. Romans 16:1-16
1) Romans 1:6a – …among whom you also… Paul considered the Roman believers to be included in his scope of ____________.
2) Romans 1:6b – …are the called of Jesus Christ. In the New Testament, the called are people who have responded by faith to the gospel. Since the Roman believers now belonged to Christ, they were part of this group of __________________ ones. Romans 8:29-30, 1 Peter 2:9, Jude 1:1
3) Romans 1:7a – …to all who are beloved of God in Rome… The Roman believers were God’s dearly loved ones. All God’s children are unreservedly _______________ by Him. Romans 8:39, Ephesians 3:19
4) Romans 1:7b – …called saints… Paul also called the Roman believers saints. A _______________ is a person who is set apart for God. The believers in Rome were God’s special possessions, chosen for His unique purposes.
c. Romans 1:7 – Paul desired _______________ blessings for the Romans. Romans 1:11-12
1) Romans 1:7c – Grace to you and peace… In this greeting, Paul gave the Roman believers a two-part blessing. He desired grace and peace to ___________ on them. Grace is undeserved kindness and peace is mental tranquility. All saints need these two blessings. Romans 16:20
2) Romans 1:7d – …from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. True grace and peace come only from God the Father and God the Son. Although the Holy Spirit is not mentioned here, He is the one who quietly administers these blessings in the _______________ of believers. Romans 8:11, 15:13; 2 Corinthians 13:14
B. Romans 1:8-15 – A heart for the Romans
1. Romans 1:8-10 – Paul __________________ for the Christians in Rome.
a. Romans 1:8 – Paul _____________________ God for the Christians in Rome.
1) Romans 1:8a – ________, I thank my God… Paul started his prayer by thanking God.
2) Romans 1:8b – …_________ Jesus Christ… Jesus is the one who opened the door for believers to be able to approach God in prayer. Romans 5:1-2, Ephesians 3:11-12
3) Romans 1:8c – …for you all because your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole _______________. Paul was thankful that people far and wide were hearing about the faith of the Roman believers. Romans 16:19, 1 Thessalonians 1:8
b. Romans 1:9 – Paul __________________ continually.
1) Romans 1:9a – For God, whom I serve in my spirit in the preaching of the gospel of His Son… Paul was passionate about _____________________ God by preaching the good news of Jesus Christ.
2) Romans 1:9b – For God …is my witness as to how unceasingly I make mention of you. Paul called God Himself as a __________ to the fact that he prayed continually for the Roman believers. Paul’s love for them resulted in constant prayer.
c. Romans 1:10 – Paul prayed with _____________________.
1) Romans 1:10a – …always in my prayers making request… Paul had specific prayer ________________________ for the believers in Rome. Philippians 4:6
2) Romans 1:10b – …if perhaps now at last by the will of God I may succeed in coming to you… Paul prayed God would _______________ him to finally be able to make a personal visit to them. Romans 15:28-33
2. Romans 1:11-15 – Paul planned to _______________ the Roman congregation.
a. Romans 1:11a – For I long to _________ you… Paul greatly desired a face to face visit with the Roman believers. Romans 15:22-24; Philippians 1:8, 4:1
b. Romans 1:11b – Paul had a specific _____________________ in mind for his visit. …so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be established…
1) The spiritual gift Paul referred to here should not to be confused with the specific spiritual _______________ given by God the Holy Spirit to individual believers at the point of salvation. 1 Corinthians 12:4-11
2) By impart some spiritual gift Paul meant he wanted to be a spiritual blessing to the _____________ to help establish them in their faith. Ephesians 1:3, Philippians 1:25
c. Romans 1:12a – …that is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you… Through a face to ____________ visit, Paul believed they could mutually encourage each another.
d. Romans 1:12b – …each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine. Paul communicated amazing ____________________ when he assured the Roman believers that he would be impacted by their faith, just as they would be impacted by his.
e. Romans 1:13a – I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far)… Although Paul had planned numerous _______________ to go see them, something always prevented him. Romans 15:22
1) We know that at times _________ the Holy Spirit prevented Paul from going one place or another. Acts 16:6-7
2) Other times God allowed _______________ to prevent Paul from making a trip. 1 Thessalonians 2:18
3) Now as always, whether it is God or the enemy, all things still work together for ____________ to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose. Romans 8:28
f. Romans 1:13b – so that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. Paul wanted to harvest some _______________ in Rome, just as he had done in all the other places where he ministered. This meant he wanted to add believers to the Roman church by means of sharing the good news.
g. Romans 1:14 – Paul’s wide _______________ of responsibility in teaching the gospel included reaching people from all levels of society.
1) Romans 1:14a – I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians… Paul was committed to preaching the gospel to ____________ the cultured (the Greeks) and the uncultured (the barbarians).
2) Romans 1:14b – I am under obligation …both to the wise and to the foolish. Paul felt _____________________ obligated to both the well-educated and the uneducated.
h. Romans 1:15 – So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome. Although Paul greatly desired to visit the church in Rome, which included people from a higher social __________________ than most churches, he felt a responsibility towards all people, no matter what their station in life.
C. Romans 1:16-17 – A passion for the gospel
1. Romans 1:16 – Paul’s ________________________ towards the gospel
a. Romans 1:16a – For I am not ____________________ of the gospel… Nothing about the gospel message made Paul feel embarrassment, guilt or disgrace. 1 Corinthians 1:18-25, 9:16‑17
b. Romans 1:16b – …for it is the power of God for salvation… Paul had absolute confidence in the gospel’s ability to ____________ sinners. John 3:36
c. Romans 1:16c – …to everyone who __________________… If the gospel is believed, the result is eternal salvation. If it is rejected in disbelief, there is no salvation. Incredibly, every person who believes the gospel instantly passes from death to life. John 5:24
d. Romans 1:16d – …to the Jew first and also to the Greek… Historically, the gospel was _____________________ first to the Jewish people and after that to the Gentile nations (Greeks). Though at present Christ is calling out people from among the Gentiles, Israel still holds a place dear to His heart, as we see in Romans 9-11. Acts 1:8
2. Romans 1:17 – Paul’s ___________________________ for the gospel (1 Timothy 1:12-17)
a. Romans 1:17a – For in it the righteousness of God is revealed… The gospel brought to _______________ God’s way of declaring sinners righteous. Job 25:4
1) First of all, God’s righteousness is seen in the historical ____________ of the gospel.
a) Since the penalty for sin is __________, Christ’s death on the cross for the sins of mankind fulfilled God’s righteous requirements. 2 Corinthians 5:21, 1 Peter 3:18
b) Christ’s resurrection __________________ that God’s righteous requirements had been fully satisfied. Romans 4:25, Philippians 2:8-11
2) And now, because God’s righteous requirements were met, God can lawfully declare sinners righteous without any compromise to His _______________ standards of justice. Romans 4:5, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Galatians 2:16-21
b. Romans 1:17b – …from faith to faith… The gospel affirms that God’s righteousness is obtained only through _______________.
1) …from faith… Justification, being saved from the penalty of sin, is by faith, or from faith. Righteousness before God comes the moment a sinner ___________ in Christ.
2) …to faith… Similarly, sanctification, being saved from the power of sin, is through faith, or to faith. Through ongoing faith in Christ, the believer continues to _______________ to live righteously day by day. Galatians 2:20, Philippians 3:9
c. Romans 1:17c – …as it is written, “but the righteous man shall live ______ faith.” Those declared righteous by faith are to likewise live righteously by faith.
1) By citing Habakkuk 2:4b, “But the righteous will live by his faith,” Paul highlighted the fact that God has always expected righteous people, even in the Old Testament, to ____________ by faith. Hebrews 11:6
2) What does the word righteous mean? In Hebrew it is the word TSADDIYQ (pronounced tsad-deek), meaning just or lawful. In Greek the word is DIKAIOS (pronounced dik’-ah-yos), meaning just or blameless, specifically just in the eyes of God or blameless in God’s _________________.
III. Romans 1:18-3:20 – The Justice of God towards Sinners
A. Romans 1:18-32 – God’s judgment of the immoral sinner
1. Romans 1:18-20 – God is right when He condemns immoral sinners because by their rebellious conduct they __________________ the truth.
a. Romans 1:18 – According to Romans 1:17, the righteousness of God is revealed to mankind through the gospel. Conversely, here in Romans 1:18 the ____________ of God is revealed from heaven against everything unrighteous.
1) Romans 1:18a – For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven… From heaven God makes __________________ His anger toward sin. Job 36:29-37:5
a) God allows all sinners to _____________________ the destructive consequences of their rebellion. Psalm 69:22, James 1:15
b) God also _______________ those who die without having believed the gospel to eternal separation from Him in the Lake of Fire. Psalm 7:11
2) Romans 1:18b – …against all ungodliness… Ungodliness is rebellion against God. Mankind’s ungodliness disregards God’s righteous character. Anything that opposes God’s character or existence is __________________, or not like God, and becomes a suppression of the truth.
3) Romans 1:18c – against all … unrighteousness of men… Unrighteousness is injustice. It particularly involves __________________ against fellow humans. Ultimately, all injustice suppresses the truth.
4) Romans 1:18d – …who suppress the truth in unrighteousness. In its rebellion, __________________ humanity muzzles the truth and invites God’s wrath.
b. Romans 1:19 – Although in their hearts all people know the truth of God’s existence and His righteous character, in their fallen nature, they choose to ____________ that truth.
1) Romans 1:19a – …because that which is known about God is evident within them. _______________ person on earth innately possesses a knowledge of God. God has written a basic knowledge of His existence upon every person’s heart. Ecclesiastes 3:11, Acts 14:15-17
2) Romans 1:19b – …for God made it evident to them… All civilizations and cultures have a knowledge of God, because God has placed this knowledge into their _____. This is why, generally speaking, most people are religious in some way and readily embrace the existence of some deity. Genesis 1:26-27, Romans 2:14-16
c. Romans 1:20 – Not only does man have an internal witness of God’s existence, since the very beginning of time, ________________ has declared the message of God’s existence in an unspoken, universal language that every heart understands. Psalm 19:1-6
1) Romans 1:20a – For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly ____________… Day and night, creation continually testifies to our Creator’s perfect character, His boundless power and His ultimate supremacy as God. Acts 17:22-28
2) Romans 1:20b – …being understood through what has been ____________, so that they are without excuse.
a) Everyone knows a beautiful painting is the work of a great artist. Well-written literature ____________________ a talented author, and magnificent structures are erected by master builders, brilliant architects and skilled engineers.
b) This shows that when people do not acknowledge the obvious greatness, majesty and wisdom of the Creator of the universe, they are without _________. Proverbs 30:4, Jeremiah 10:11-13
2. Romans 1:21-23 – God is right when He condemns immoral sinners because they deliberately ___________________________ Him.
a. Romans 1:21 – For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give [Him] thanks… In the past, humanity’s failure to recognize, honor and ___________ God brought terrible results, like the flood, fiery destruction (Sodom and Gomorrah), and captivity. Even now, as people reject God, history is destined to repeat itself.
1) Romans 1:21a – …but they became futile in their speculations… Their deliberate disregard of God gave way to __________ theories and assumptions. Acts 17:28-29
2) Romans 1:21b – …and their foolish heart was darkened. Mankind’s rejection of truth resulted in a lack of _____________________ and discernment. This happened to Israel when they turned away from God (Jer. 4:22, 5:21). This will happen to any civilization that disregards the truth of God. Ephesians 4:17-19
b. Romans 1:22 – Professing to be wise, they became fools… Humans called their _______________ wisdom, but in reality, their ideas were totally senseless.
c. Romans 1:23a – …and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image… They rejected the everlasting, indestructible God and worshiped _______________ instead. Genesis 3:8, Isaiah 44:9-20
d. Romans 1:23b – …in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures. Humans created idols patterned after creatures that represented ____________ they could manipulate and control. Jeremiah 10:1-5
3. Romans 1:24-27 – God is _______________ and just when He condemns immoral sinners because they do not acknowledge His authority and supremacy as the Creator.
a. Romans 1:24a – Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity… God ____________ them over means that God quit restraining them.
b. Romans 1:24b – …so that their bodies would be dishonored among them. In the past, when rebellious humanity purposefully rejected Him, God allowed them to do whatever shameful and shocking things they wanted with each other’s __________________.
c. Romans 1:25a – For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie. These immoral sinners wanted God out of their lives. They chose to believe a _________ rather than the truth. Romans 8:13, James 1:15
d. Romans 1:25b – …and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator…. Instead of giving _______________ to the Creator, they worshiped the beings He made.
e. Romans 1:25c – …the _____________________ who is blessed forever. Amen. Their actions insulted the true God, who alone deserves all praise and admiration forever.
f. Romans 1:26a – For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions… When people purposefully chose to believe a lie rather than the truth and refused to acknowledge God’s authority as Creator, God _________ them do the shameful things they wanted to do.
1) Romans 1:26b – …for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural. Sex within marriage is natural because it was ___________________ by God. God labels prostitution and other sexual sins unnatural. Hebrews 13:4
2) Romans 1:27 – …and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their _______________.
a) God called these ________________ deviations immoral and allowed those who committed these shameful and unnatural acts to engineer their own destruction.
b) When sin runs its course, it always brings ___________ to the sinner. James 1:15
4. Romans 1:28 – God is right when He condemns immoral sinners because they totally __________________ God.
a. Romans 1:28a – And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind… When immoral sinners abandoned the ________ knowledge of God, they deteriorated intellectually.
b. Romans 1:28b – …to do those things which are not __________________… In the downward progression of their depraved minds, they ended up sinning in ways not appropriate for any society. Ephesians 4:17-19
5. Romans 1:29-31 – God is right when He condemns immoral sinners because in the end their sin knows no __________________. Everything is viewed as permissible.
a. Romans 1:29 – They ____________ and destroy one another without a second thought. …being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice [or coldhearted hatred, they become] gossips and slanderers.
b. Romans 1:30-31 – Since sin is never stagnant, evil burrows ever __________________. Immoral sinners become …slanderers, haters of God, insolent [meaning disrespectful and rude], arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful.
6. Romans 1:32 – So God is _______________ when He condemns immoral sinners because even in the face of looming judgement, they dare to defy Him. Romans 1:18
a. Romans 1:32a – …and although they know the ordinance of God… The immoral sinner _______________ instinctively God’s standard of right and wrong.
b. Romans 1:32b – …that those who practice such things are worthy of death… The immoral sinner knows full well that his or her rebellion deserves _______________.
c. Romans 1:32c – …they not only do the same… The immoral sinner not only provokes God through personal rebellion, but daringly goes one ____________ further.
d. Romans 1:32d – …but also give hearty approval to those who practice them. Sadly, the immoral ______________ even goes so far as to encourage others to do the very things he or she knows are deserving of death.